Lydia Contraceptive Postpill is also known as the morning-after pill is an emergency contraceptive oral pill for women. This means it is used by women to prevent an unwanted pregnancy after unprotected sex or when a contraceptive method fails. Please note that this does not protect against the risk of HIV/AIDS and STIs. The Lydia Postpill is not to be used as a daily contraceptive option. Please contact your pharmacist or doctor or family planning clinic for a contraceptive method that suits you.
How does Lydia Postpill work?
Lydia Post pill may not prevent a pregnancy in 100% of cases but the tablets are more effective when taken within 72 hours (3 days). Preferably, within 12 hours after unprotected sex and not on the third day. Each Lydia postpill contains 0.75mg levonorgestrel BP, a progestin hormone. It works mainly by;
- Preventing the release of an egg (ovulation) during your menstrual cycle.
- It makes the vaginal fluid thicker to help prevent sperm from reaching an egg (fertilization).
- And changes the lining of the uterus (womb) to prevent attachment of a fertilized egg.
So, Lydia postpill stops pregnancy before it is established and does not work if you are already pregnant.
Before you take Lydia postpill
- Please talk to your pharmacist before you take this medicine because emergency contraception might not be suitable for you.
- Lydia postpill contains lactose. You should contact your doctor if you are lactose intolerant or intolerant to any other sugars.
- There is not much data to support use in women less than 16 years, you must contact your doctor or family planning clinic for emergency contraception. Use of Lydia postpill emergency contraception before menarche is not indicated.
- You can use Lydia Postpill at any time during the menstrual cycle unless menstrual bleeding is overdue. If your period is late, you should tell your pharmacist.
- Before you take this medicine, your pharmacist may check that you are not already pregnant by asking you questions about your periods or when you had sex. If you or your pharmacist think that you might already be pregnant, you will need to have a pregnancy test.
When you should not use this
You should contact your doctor for advice about emergency contraception if:
- you have a disease of your small bowel (such as Crohn's disease) that interferes with the digestion of your food;
- you have severe liver problems or diseases
- you have severe renal problems or diseases
- you are taking any of the medicines listed below, as these medicines may interact with Lydia postpill and lead to undesirable effects.
Barbiturates and other medicines used to treat epilepsy (for example, primidone, phenytoin, carbamazepine etc).
Medicines used to treat tuberculosis (for example, rifampicin, rifabutin).
Treatment for HIV infection (e.g. ritonavir).
A medicine used to treat fungal infections (griseofulvin).
Herbal remedies containing St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Cyclosporin which is used to help the immune system).
- Lydia postpill contains the inactive ingredients: povidone k-25, polacrilin potassium, ethyl cellulose, maize starch, magnesium stearate, opadry white, you know you have and lactose. If you have an allergy to any of the ingredients of this medicine, please contact your doctor
If any of these apply to you Lydia postpill may not be suitable for you, or other types of emergency contraception may be better for you
If you are pregnant
Do not take this medicine if you are already pregnant. If you had unprotected sex which was 72 hours ago or more and since your last period, you should take a pregnancy test to find out if you are pregnant. If your last period was more than 5 days late, your menstrual bleed was unusually light or heavy, you should check with your doctor to know whether you are pregnant.
If you become pregnant after you have taken the emergency contraceptive oral pill, you should contact your doctor. In case of failure of this emergency contraception and developing pregnancy, no evidence indicates any harm to the foetus but your doctor would want to check if there has been a development of an ectopic pregnancy. Especially, in women with severe abdominal pain or fainting or if there is a history of ectopic pregnancy, surgery or pelvic inflammatory disease
When to take special care with Lydia Postpill
The active ingredient may be present in small amounts breastmilk when breastfeeding. It is not thought to be harmful to the baby but if you are uncomfortable with that, you can take it after you are done breastfeeding your child. That way, you will have less amount of the drug the baby may take in the breastmilk
If you are taking any other medicines
Tell your pharmacist or contact your doctor if you are on any other medications before taking this drug. If you are not sure of anything, check with your pharmacist, family planning clinic or doctor.
If you are unsure of contracting a sexual transmitted disease
Emergency contraceptives do not protect against an infection of a sexual transmitted disease, only condoms (a barrier contraceptive method) can prevent that. If you need more information on how to avoid sexual transmitted disease or HIV/AIDs, you should talk to your pharmacist, doctor or family planning clinic.
How to take Lydia Postpill
The treatment consists of two tablets
- Swallow the first tablet as soon as possible within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse or as soon as a known contraceptive failure is suspected.
- The second tablet should be taken 12 hours (and no later than 16 hours after the first tablet). The emergency contraceptive will work effectively only if the first tablet is taken as soon as possible and no later than 72 hours after unprotected sex or contraceptive failure.
- If you are already using a regular method of contraception such as the contraceptive pill, you can continue to take this at your regular times.
What to do if you vomit the pill
If you vomit within two hours of taking the tablet, take another tablet. Contact your doctor, pharmacist or family planning clinic upon vomiting after taking this drug and taking another dose.
What to do if you take too many pills
Just ask your doctor, pharmacist or family planning clinic for advice if you have taken too many tablets, especially if you feel sick afterwards. There have been no reports of serious harmful effects from taking too many tablets at once. Although, you may feel sick (vomit), or have vaginal bleeding
How often can i take the Lydia Postpill?
You should only use Lydia postpill in emergencies and not as a regular method of contraception. The reason being it can upset your normal menstrual cycle (period).
You should contact your doctor, family planning clinic or pharmacist for long-term contraceptive options. These are more effective in preventing you from getting pregnant.
After you have taken Lydia Postpill
After you have taken Lydia postpill, if you want to have sex, and you are not using the contraceptive pill, you should use condoms or a cap plus spermicide. Lydia postpill won't work if you have unprotected sex again before your next period is due.
After you have taken Lydia postpill, menstrual periods are usually normal and occur at the expected date. They can sometimes occur earlier or later than expected in a few days. You are advised to make an appointment to see your doctor or family planning clinic about three weeks later, to make sure that Lydia postpill has worked and to adopt a regular method of contraception.
If you continue to use regular hormonal contraception such as the contraceptive pill and you do not have a bleed in your pill-free period, see your doctor to make sure you are not pregnant.
If your period is more than 5 days late or is unusually light or unusually heavy, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. If you do become pregnant even after taking this medicine, you must see your doctor.
What are the side effects?
So, these are the side effects of Lydia postpill;
- You might feel like vomiting or nauseous for a short while after taking this medicine.
- You might vomit right after taking this medicine.
- If any of the above happens, read the section 'What to do if you vomit after taking Lydia Postpill’ question above!
- Most women will have a normal period at the expected time, but some may have their period later or earlier than normal. You might also have some irregular bleeding or spotting until your next period. If your period is more than 5 days late or is unusually light or unusually heavy, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.
- You might have tender breasts, headaches, lower abdominal (tummy) pain, diarrhoea, feel dizzy or feel tired after taking this medicine. Just make sure to be regularly hydrated and get some rest. These symptoms should get better within a few days.
- If you think that this medicine affects you in any other way that is not mentioned above, tell your pharmacist, practise nurse, doctor or family planning clinic.
Where to keep your drug
If you should need to store your tablet, keep it out of the reach and sight of children and in its original container.
Do not take the tablet after the use-by date, which is printed on the pack.
If you are not sure about anything or you have any questions, please ask your pharmacist, doctor, practice nurse or family planning clinic.